Computer Science is considered to be one of the best career options, not only in India, but globally. This filed provides numerous exciting employment opportunities in some of the best firms of the world, a job in this field is actually the next best thing to a government job. Technology shows itself in so many ways in our lives that it is not possible to separate it from us. The computer has become a widely used device and hence the computer science engineering stream has also gained in prominence and popularity over the past couple of decades. The success stories of firms like Facebook, Google, and the rising profits of IT service providers like Infosys, TCS and Wipro back closer to home has made it even more obvious for students to go for a career in this field.
It is natural to see a computer science graduate as a programmer with coding skills. Programming is the primary skill that is taught to students of computer science engineering. However, a CS degree teaches students to solve real life problems too. This can be accomplished not only by working as programmer but also as a designer, analyst, animator or game developer. As firms continue to hire engineering graduates it is worth examining the variety of career options and average salaries on offer for students who have completed their computer science engineering courses.
Anyone with creative bent of mind and a computer science degree can think about making a career in graphic designing. Graphic designers have an exciting job at hand, as they get to work on interesting projects, and enjoy flexible work options along with good salaries. Front end web designing is one career path that computer engineers can opt for. Front end designers spend their time creating the “look and feel” of websites. UI Designer (User Interface Designer) and UX Designer (User Experience Designer) are other offshoots of the designer species which further specialize in various forms of web and application design. A UX designer often handles the project in its initial stages who will outline, sketch and wireframe the basic workflow of the user.
Most CS graduates work under this title. Software engineers are professionals working to find out complex solutions to a number of applications in different sectors. They are not programmers and both are vastly different disciplines. A software engineer creates the design the programmer implements. A software engineer follows systematic approach of understanding requirements, working with stakeholders and developing solution as per the needs of customer. They are often part of larger teams, handle greater responsibilities and hence get paid more. There are two species most commonly found in software engineering. Application software engineers use a number of programming languages to develop a custom program after analysing an end-user’s computing needs. The choice of programming languages depends on the application’s parameters and the platform on which the program is supposed to run. Modern application software engineer use Java, C, C++, Objective-C, Perl and Python. An example of application software engineer is mobile app developer. The other species of the SE is System Software Engineer, who is responsible for creation, maintenance and expansion of an organization’s internal computer systems.
A tester or quality analyst essentially should have knowledge of the entire software development lifecycle as software testing is done in each phase of product life cycle, from requirement specifications, coding, to design. Software testing takes the important responsibility of improving the quality of the application. Though knowledge of programming isn’t mandatory, in the long run it will help more than you can imagine. Moreover, with a computer science degree one actually doesn’t have to worry about knowledge of programming languages. A good software tester is expected to have a working knowledge of tools like QTP, Loadrunner amongst others. Experience, relevant training and practice are enough to teach these skills to any motivated individual. Software testers, which were considered more as of a unnecessary liability a decade back have now become show stopper for most applications and products. While earlier the responsibilities were restricted to test case execution, now the purview of software testing has expanded to other niche skills like SOA testing. The industry is full of opportunities for automation and performance testers. In addition to the computer science degree the employers expect to see certifications from QAI, ASQ, and ISQTB on the resume of a serious candidate for the best positions. These certifications are able to inspire confidence in clients.
Mobile Application Developer:
Smartphones have become as commonplace as anything can be and with their rising use, there is a growing market of mobile apps. The strength of smartphones is through the diverse range of mobile apps that make every task a matter of seconds. Every business, in its plan to diversify and expand is now offering its services through mobile apps. Who develops these apps? Mobile app developers. For professionals with a degree in computer science and programming skills mobile app development offers a fresh opportunity to embark on a career makeover. As market demand surges for apps running on iOS, Android or whatever operating system that will power the next generation smart devices, IT professionals with skills in Java, C, C++ and native app development are much sought after commodity in the job market.
Information Security Professional:
Information security is a dynamic field, not very old, but one of the most important from the future’s perspective. With a promise of a fantastic future, it’s no wonder the industry is attracting a lot of new talent. The Infosec industry is expected to grow to about $120.1 billion by the year 2017, which will be just double the $63.7 billion size that it was in 2011. If you are lucky enough to pursue your engineering from computer science, a career in information security could be your claim to glory. However, since the field is new there are certain caveats associated with it. Certifications are a must. Whether it is pursuing the CEH (Certified Ethical Hacker) or the CompTIA Security+, you will have start showing up some serious intent in order to move ahead. When you finally break into the industry, you can work your way up the ladder or earn more sophisticated certifications like Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP). Expansion of knowledge in accordance with the latest industry trends is most vital aspect of this job.
There are variety of career choices other than the above for the computer science graduates. Computer science is one of the top choices for engineering aspirants as it is creating a lot of jobs in the IT industry. This field is something that should be only chosen if and only if the aspirant is interested in programming and technology stuff. But if someone is interested and willing to join the IT industry, he/she has a variety of options, both technical and non-technical.